Evaluation of Initiatives to Improve Adult Outcomes and Employment Opportunities for Young Recipients of Supplemental Security Income (SSI)

Prepared for
U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Disability Employment Policy

Young people with disabilities, particularly those who receive Supplemental Security Income (SSI), face unique challenges as they transition into adulthood. Even with targeted support services, they often fall behind their peers in their educational and economic attainment as adults. This issue points to the need for a stronger evidence base of promising initiatives that can improve employment and other adult outcomes for young SSI recipients.

Through the SSI Youth Recipient and Employment Transition Formative Research project, Mathematica has contributed to this evidence base by identifying:

  • Promising programs and policies for youth receiving SSI, including potential research questions yet to be answered
  • Intervention models or strategies that could be tested for assisting young SSI recipients with the transition to sustained and gainful employment

Resources developed from this project were informed by input from a panel of experts from federal and state agencies, practitioners, researchers, consumer groups, and other stakeholders, collectively known as the Community of Practice. With input from the Community of Practice, Mathematica produced several new resources for policymakers and program practitioners, including a series of webinars that explored important topics related to serving youth SSI recipeints.

Reports and Issue Briefs

A report and two issue briefs outlining a framework for selecting and testing innovations for this population

A synthesis of strategies, models, and definitions related to the employment of young SSI recipients

A report and issue brief that identifies the target population of such interventions

A description of the Community of Practice and its activities

A report on collaborations between VR agencies and workforce development boards


This project was prepared for the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL), Office of Disability Employment Policy by Mathematica, under contract number DOLQ129633249. The views expressed are those of the authors and should not be attributed to DOL, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement of same by the U.S. Government.