The Green Jobs and Health Care Impact Evaluation: Findings from the Impact Study of Four Training Programs for Unemployed and Disadvantaged Workers

Publisher: Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration
May 30, 2016
Authors
Karin Martinson, Julie Williams, Karen Needels, Laura Peck, Shawn Moulton, Nora Paxton, Annalisa Mastri, Elizabeth Copson, Hiren Nisar, Alison Comfort, and Melanie Brown-Lyons

Key Findings:

  • All grantees’ programs featured a series of training courses that could be taken in sequence to foster career development. However, most participants attended training for short periods of time, ranging from 2.4 months to 3.3 months on average, with few participants attending longer than 6 months.
  • The programs has positive impacts on participation in education and training activities, particularly vocational training; receipt of training-related support services, particularly financial assistance, career counseling, and job placement assistance; and receipt of vocational credentials.
  • One of the four programs, administered by the Kern Community College District, had a positive and statistically significant impact on participants’ earnings in the fifth and sixth calendar quarters after random assignment, while the other three sites did not.
  • There was no evidence of statistically significant impacts at any site on other measures of financial and economic stability, such as household income and public benefit receipt.

The study, conducted in conjunction with Abt Associates, the prime contractor, estimated impacts on program participants and examined the implementation experiences of four sites that offered unemployed and other disadvantaged individuals training and support services that were funded through American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 grants. The four sites were: (1) the American Indian Opportunities Industrialization Center in Minnesota, (2) North Central Texas College, (3) Grand Rapids Community College in Michigan, and (4) the Kern Community College District in California. The first two focused on training in the health care fields, while the latter two focused on training for green jobs.